Émile Gaboriau

France (1833 - 1873)

Émile Gaboriau is an important figure in the history of detective fiction. A French journalist and novelist, he created the "roman policier" with a series of books involving private detective Monsieur Lecoq, who works logically. Lecoq was based on a real-life thief turned policeman named Francois Vidocq (1775-1857), whose memoirs mixed fiction and fact. Gaboriau's huge following was eclipsed by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes. Interestingly, Holmes may have been at least partly based on another of Gaboriau's characters, consulting detective Father Tabaret, whose methods Monsieur Lecoq adopts in the first Lecoq book.
Monsieur Lecoq
2. The Mystery of Orcival (1868)
     aka Crime at Orcival
5. Monsieur Lecoq (1868)
The Honor of the Name (1900)
The Slaves of Paris
1. Caught In The Net (1891)
2. The Champdoce Mystery (1891)
     aka The Slaves of Paris
The Widow Lerouge (1866)
     aka Lerouge Case
File No. 113 (1867)
     aka The Blackmailers
Catastrophe (1872)
     aka The Downward Path
The Clique of Gold (1873)
     aka The Gilded Clique
Within an Inch of His Life (1873)
     aka Rope Around His Neck
Other People's Money (1874)
     aka A Great Robbery
The Little Old Man of Batignolles (1876)
     aka A Thousand Franc's Reward
The Intrigues of a Poisoner (1881)
     aka The Marquise de Brinvilliers